Welding gloves are usually classified according to their function. There are four main types of welding gloves namely; TIG welding gloves, MIG welding gloves, High heat/temperature welding gloves and vibration dampening gloves. The name of the welding gloves suggests their functions which are discussed below.
1. TIG welding gloves
As mentioned above, gloves are usually classified according to their functions. TIG welding gloves are specifically meant to do TIG welding (Tungsten Inert Gas Welding). This is a special type of welding that utilises a non consumable electrode (tungsten) to produce welds.
TIC welding gloves are specifically designed to work under TIG welding conditions i.e. the lowest welding heat conditions. TIG welding produces very low heat compared to other types of welding. The flame is also concentrated which results in very few sparks. The gloves are therefore thinner than your ordinary welding gloves. This however doesn’t compromise protection and dexterity. The best TIG gloves are made of high quality leather i.e. cowhide, goatskin, horsehide, pigskin e.t.c.
2. MIG welding gloves
As the name suggests, MIG welding gloves are meant to do MIG welding. MIG welding (Metal Inert Gas) welding utilises an electric arc which heats metals in the process melting and joining them. The best MIG welding gloves should be able to handle a variety of MIG welding application. The gloves should also be able to offer the best protection to enable comfortable and safe welding. The best MIG welding gloves are usually light weight offering exceptional dexterity and touch sensitivity.
3. High heat/temperature welding gloves
As the name suggests, these gloves are used in high heat/temperature welding applications. These gloves work best for welding industry workers who are constantly exposed to flames and high heat. They are the best welding gloves when it comes to protecting hands from heat.
The best high heat/temperature welding gloves are designed to ensure that welders are protected from extreme heat, abrasions and cuts. In summary the best high heat/temperature gloves don’t serve one function. They ensure welders are protected from a variety of injuries.
4. Vibration dampening gloves
As the name suggests, the main function of these welding gloves is dampening vibrations. In most cases, welders have to weld in high vibration environments i.e. welding pneumatic vibrating tools, construction welding, repetitive impact work e.t.c. Vibration dampening gloves help welders to weld steadily. The best vibration dampening gloves are multifunctional i.e. they absorb vibrations at the same time protecting welders from cuts, abrasion and high temperatures.
Other classifications of welding gloves
It is important to note that welding gloves aren’t classified according to function alone. They can also be classified according to the type of material they are made of or their size among other considerations.
1. Material classifications: Welding gloves are made of many different materials. Some of the most common welding glove materials include; leather, cotton, plastic, latex and rubber. It is important to note that some welding gloves are made using a combination of one or more of the above materials. In such cases, they can be classified according to the main material.
2. Size: Welding gloves can also be classified according to size i.e. large, small, medium e.t.c. This is however a rare classification unless you want a multipurpose welding glove.